Aviation Meteorology: A support to Air navigation and safety

Published: Thursday, 23 June 2022 13:50
The theme was discussed during the traditional “AERIAL Tuesdays” on June 14, 2022 at the head office of the CCAA in Yaounde.
Aviation is one of the most weather-sensitive economic sectors. Case in point, 9% of aircraft accidents in the aerospace industry are caused by bad weather. Actually, weather factors affect flight conditions, and three-quarters of the major flight delays in heavy traffic areas are often caused by turbulence, icing, fog, wind, snow and tropical cyclones.
Today, despite the common use of high-tech aircraft, the enormous power, potential dangers and strong impact of weather systems on aviation cannot be ignored. 
Aeronautical meteorology being a branch of meteorology, deals with occurrences that directly concern or threaten aeronautical practices. And before pilots schedule flights, they first of all take stock of weather conditions. Making it imperative for meteorologists to study and analyse multiple data in this regard beforehand. 
Meteorologists collect as much information as possible on ground and flight temperatures, atmospheric pressures, winds, anticyclones and air humidity at different altitudes through multiple weather stations located around the world. This information and other elements noted by other observers, enables them to compile computer-generated weather maps. And on the basis of very precise data, the information is synthesized and a diagnosis made following observation.
Thus, before each departure, the pilot is aware of his roadmap, on which are indicated all weather conditions he is likely to face in the course of the flight. The usefulness of the meteorologist in the aviation sector cannot be overstated as all flights depend on the visual conditions he transmits during takeoff or landing.
It should be recalled that instruments that measure air pressure are known as barometers. They can measure the pressure exerted by the atmosphere using water, air or mercury. However water-based barometers are not put to use in aviation.